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The Ultimate Tutorial for Installing VMware Tools on Slackware Linux


How to Install VMware Tools on Slackware Linux




If you are running Slackware Linux as a guest operating system on a VMware virtual machine, you may want to install VMware Tools to enhance your virtualization experience. In this article, you will learn what are VMware Tools, why do you need them, and how to install them on Slackware Linux using a compiler.




How To Install Vmware Tools On Slackware Linux


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What are VMware Tools and why do you need them?




VMware Tools are a set of services and modules that enable several features in VMware products for better management of, and seamless user interactions with, guests operating systems. Some of the features and benefits of VMware Tools are:


  • Improved video performance and mouse cursor control



  • Easy resizing and automatic adjustment of the guest display resolution



  • Copy and paste of text, graphics, and files between the guest and host operating systems



  • Shared folders for easy file sharing between the guest and host operating systems



  • Improved network performance and support for jumbo frames



  • Synchronization of the guest operating system clock with the host clock



  • Graceful power operations and shutdown of the guest operating system



  • Execution of scripts to automate guest operating system operations



  • Quiescing and snapshotting of the guest file system



  • Reporting of guest operating system information, such as IP address, hostname, and kernel version



VMware Tools compatibility and support vary depending on the guest operating system, the VMware product, and the VMware Tools version. For a list of supported guest operating systems, see the VMware Compatibility Guide. For a list of available VMware Tools versions, see Download VMware Tools.


How to prepare your Slackware Linux virtual machine for VMware Tools installation




Before you can install VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you need to perform some preparatory steps. These steps are:


Power on the virtual machine and log in as root or sudo user




You need to have root or sudo privileges to install VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine. Power on the virtual machine and log in using an account with root or sudo privileges. If you are running a graphical user interface (GUI), open a terminal window.


Verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating system




The VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, so you need to have Perl installed in your guest operating system. To verify that Perl is installed, run this command in the terminal:


perl --version


If Perl is installed, you will see its version information. If Perl is not installed, you will see an error message. To install Perl on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, run this command as root or sudo user:


slackpkg install perl


Mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM imageMount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image


To install VMware Tools from a CD-ROM, you need to mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image on your Slackware Linux virtual machine. To do this, follow these steps:


  • In the VMware product menu, choose VM > Install VMware Tools. This will start the VMware Tools installation wizard and mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image on your guest operating system.



  • In the terminal, run this command to create a mount point for the CD-ROM device:



mkdir /mnt/cdrom


  • Run this command to mount the CD-ROM device:



mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom


  • Verify that the CD-ROM device is mounted by running this command:



ls /mnt/cdrom


  • You should see a file named VMwareTools-version.tar.gz, where version is the VMware Tools version number.



How to install VMware Tools on Slackware Linux using a compiler




To install VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine using a compiler, you need to extract the VMware Tools tar file, run the installer script, and configure the VMware Tools options and services. To do this, follow these steps:


Extract the VMware Tools tar file to a temporary directory




To extract the VMware Tools tar file, run these commands in the terminal:


  • Create a temporary directory in your home directory:



mkdir /vmware-tools-temp


  • Change to the temporary directory:



cd /vmware-tools-temp


  • Copy the VMware Tools tar file from the CD-ROM mount point to the temporary directory:



cp /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-version.tar.gz .


  • Extract the contents of the VMware Tools tar file:



tar -zxvf VMwareTools-version.tar.gz


  • This will create a subdirectory named vmware-tools-distrib.



Run the VMware Tools installer script




To run the VMware Tools installer script, run these commands in the terminal:


  • Change to the vmware-tools-distrib subdirectory:



cd vmware-tools-distrib


  • Run the installer script as root or sudo user:



sudo ./vmware-install.pl


  • The installer will display a welcome message and ask you to press Enter to continue.



  • The installer will ask you several questions about how to configure and install VMware Tools. You can accept the default answers by pressing Enter, or enter your own answers if you want to customize the installation.



  • The installer will compile and install the VMware Tools modules and services on your Slackware Linux virtual machine.



  • The installer will display a message that the installation of VMware Tools was successful and ask you to press Enter to exit.



Configure VMware Tools options and services




To configure VMware Tools options and services, run these commands in the terminal:


  • To enable automatic startup of VMware Tools service at boot time, run this command as root or sudo user:



sudo chkconfig --add vmware-tools


  • To start or stop VMware Tools service manually, run this command as root or sudo user:



sudo /etc/rc.d/rc.vmware-tools startstoprestartstatus


  • To configure other VMware Tools options, such as shared folders, time synchronization, or power management, use this command as root or sudo user:



sudo vmware-toolbox-cmd option


  • To see a list of available options and their usage, run this command:



vmware-toolbox-cmd --help


Unmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image and delete the temporary directoryUnmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image and delete the temporary directory


After you have installed VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can unmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image and delete the temporary directory that you created. To do this, run these commands in the terminal:


  • Unmount the CD-ROM device:



umount /dev/cdrom


  • In the VMware product menu, choose VM > Eject VMware Tools. This will eject the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image from your guest operating system.



  • Change to your home directory:



cd


  • Delete the temporary directory and its contents:



rm -rf vmware-tools-temp


How to verify that VMware Tools are installed and working correctly




To verify that VMware Tools are installed and working correctly on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can check the status of VMware Tools service and test some of the VMware Tools features and functions. To do this, follow these steps:


Check the status of VMware Tools service




To check the status of VMware Tools service, run this command in the terminal as root or sudo user:


sudo /etc/rc.d/rc.vmware-tools status


If VMware Tools service is running, you will see a message like this:


VMware Tools is running (pid=1234)


If VMware Tools service is not running, you will see a message like this:


VMware Tools is not running


Test the VMware Tools features and functions




To test some of the VMware Tools features and functions, you can try the following actions:


  • To test the improved video performance and mouse cursor control, move the mouse cursor around the guest display and resize or move the guest window. You should see a smooth and responsive cursor movement and display adjustment.



  • To test the copy and paste of text, graphics, and files between the guest and host operating systems, select some text, graphics, or files in one operating system and paste them in the other operating system. You should see the same content in both operating systems.



  • To test the shared folders for easy file sharing between the guest and host operating systems, create a shared folder on the host operating system and configure it in the VMware product settings. Then, access the shared folder from the guest operating system by running this command in the terminal:



vmhgfs-fuse .host:/ /mnt/hgfs -o subtype=vmhgfs-fuse,allow_other


  • You should see the contents of the shared folder in /mnt/hgfs.



  • To test the network performance and support for jumbo frames, ping another host on the network with a large packet size. For example, run this command in the terminal:



ping -s 9000 host_ip_address


  • You should see a successful ping response with no packet loss or fragmentation.



  • To test the time synchronization of the guest operating system clock with the host clock, change the time on the host operating system and check the time on the guest operating system. You should see that they are synchronized.



  • To test the graceful power operations and shutdown of the guest operating system, choose VM > Power > Power Off or VM > Power > Suspend in the VMware product menu. You should see that the guest operating system shuts down or suspends gracefully without any errors or warnings.



How to update or uninstall VMware Tools on Slackware LinuxHow to update or uninstall VMware Tools on Slackware Linux




If you want to update or uninstall VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can use the same installer script that you used to install them. To do this, follow these steps:


How to update VMware Tools using the same installation method




To update VMware Tools using the same installation method, run these commands in the terminal:


  • Mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image with the latest version of VMware Tools on your guest operating system, as described in the previous section.



  • Extract the VMware Tools tar file to a temporary directory, as described in the previous section.



  • Change to the vmware-tools-distrib subdirectory and run the installer script as root or sudo user:



cd vmware-tools-distrib


sudo ./vmware-install.pl


  • The installer will detect that VMware Tools are already installed and ask you if you want to upgrade them. Enter yes to proceed with the upgrade.



  • The installer will ask you several questions about how to configure and install VMware Tools. You can accept the default answers by pressing Enter, or enter your own answers if you want to customize the installation.



  • The installer will compile and install the latest version of VMware Tools modules and services on your Slackware Linux virtual machine.



  • The installer will display a message that the upgrade of VMware Tools was successful and ask you to press Enter to exit.



  • Unmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image and delete the temporary directory, as described in the previous section.



How to uninstall VMware Tools using the installer script




To uninstall VMware Tools using the installer script, run these commands in the terminal:


  • Change to the vmware-tools-distrib subdirectory where you extracted the VMware Tools tar file:



cd /vmware-tools-temp/vmware-tools-distrib


  • Run the installer script as root or sudo user with the --uninstall option:



sudo ./vmware-install.pl --uninstall


  • The installer will display a welcome message and ask you to press Enter to continue.



  • The installer will ask you if you are sure that you want to uninstall VMware Tools. Enter yes to proceed with the uninstallation.



  • The installer will remove all VMware Tools modules and services from your Slackware Linux virtual machine.



  • The installer will display a message that the uninstallation of VMware Tools was successful and ask you to press Enter to exit.



  • Delete the temporary directory and its contents:



cd


rm -rf vmware-tools-temp


Conclusion




In this article, you learned how to install VMware Tools on Slackware Linux using a compiler. You also learned how to prepare your Slackware Linux virtual machine for VMware Tools installation, how to verify that VMware Tools are installed and working correctly, and how to update or uninstall VMware Tools using the same installation method. By installing VMware Tools on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can enjoy several features and benefits that enhance your virtualization experience.


FAQs




What are the advantages of installing VMware Tools using a compiler?




Installing VMware Tools using a compiler allows you to customize the installation and choose which modules and services you want to install. It also ensures that the VMware Tools modules are compatible with your guest kernel version and can be updated automatically when you update your kernel.


What are the disadvantages of installing VMware Tools using a compiler?




Installing VMware Tools using a compiler requires more steps and time than installing them from a prebuilt package. It also requires that you have Perl, a C compiler, and kernel headers installed in your guest operating system. If you do not have these prerequisites, you may encounter errors or failures during the installation.


How can I install VMware Tools from a prebuilt package?How can I install VMware Tools from a prebuilt package?




If you do not want to install VMware Tools using a compiler, you can install them from a prebuilt package that is compatible with your guest operating system. To do this, you need to download the VMware Tools package from the Download VMware Tools page, and then install it using the package manager of your guest operating system. For example, to install VMware Tools from a prebuilt package on Slackware Linux, you can run these commands in the terminal:


  • Download the VMware Tools package for Slackware Linux from the Download VMware Tools page. The package name is vmware-tools-version-slackware-arch.txz, where version is the VMware Tools version number and arch is the guest architecture (x86 or x86_64).



  • Install the VMware Tools package using the installpkg command as root or sudo user:



sudo installpkg vmware-tools-version-slackware-arch.txz


  • This will install VMware Tools modules and services on your Slackware Linux virtual machine.



How can I check the version of VMware Tools installed on my Slackware Linux virtual machine?




To check the version of VMware Tools installed on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can use one of these methods:


  • In the terminal, run this command as root or sudo user:



sudo vmware-toolbox-cmd -v


  • This will display the VMware Tools version number.



  • In the VMware product menu, choose VM > Guest > About VMware Tools. This will display a dialog box with the VMware Tools version number and other information.



How can I troubleshoot VMware Tools installation or operation issues on my Slackware Linux virtual machine?




If you encounter any issues with VMware Tools installation or operation on your Slackware Linux virtual machine, you can try these troubleshooting steps:


  • Check the VMware Tools installation log file in /var/log/vmware-tools-install.log for any errors or warnings.



  • Check the VMware Tools service log file in /var/log/vmware-tools-services.log for any errors or warnings.



  • Check the kernel log file in /var/log/messages for any errors or warnings related to VMware Tools modules.



  • Reinstall or update VMware Tools using the same installation method, as described in the previous section.



  • Contact VMware support or visit the VMware Community Forum for further assistance.






This is the end of the article. I hope you found it useful and informative. If you have any questions or feedback, please leave a comment below. Thank you for reading! dcd2dc6462


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